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What is CBD?
We explain what CBD oil is
CBD by definition is a cannabinoid present in the hemp plant. This plant, which began being grown in China thousands of years ago, contains hundreds of organic compounds.
Among them are two groups that have bioactive properties: cannabinoids and terpenes.
The group of compounds corresponding to cannabinoids have the ability to interact with the nervous system through the endocannabinoid system.
All of them have well-defined chemical structures and their effects on the human body are different. CBD is becoming a highly appreciated asset thanks to its many therapeutic properties. In addition, unlike THC it has no psychoactive properties.
We understand psychoactive properties that can cause alterations in the central nervous system, capable of modifying cognitive processes. As well as emotional states and consciousness.
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What is CBD and what is it for?
CBD can act on the central nervous system through cannabinoid receptors. This feature makes it possible for it to be used successfully in different therapeutic applications.
According to the testimonies of people who consume it regularly it has been proven that it has multiple therapeutic properties.
While more research and studies supporting existing information are still needed, the following properties are attributed to CBD:
- Addiction control to alcohol, cocaine and heroin.
- Anxiolytic and antidepressant.
- Analgesic and anti-inflammatory.
- Controls nausea and vomiting.
- It slows the growth of cancerous tumors.
- Immune regulator.
Thanks to its properties, CBD is successfully used to alleviate different symptoms associated with chronic diseases and for the control of negative emotional states.
Diseases whose symptoms can be mitigated thanks to CBD include a few:
- Multiple sclerosis.
- Drug dependence.
- Depression and anxiety.
- Side effects of chemotherapy.
- Loss of appetite.
It is also used as a dietary supplement especially by high performance athletes. One of its greatest qualities is that it does not produce dependence so its consumption at the appropriate dosages according to each case is safe. How are the best CBD oils?
The oil from the hemp plant has been used since ancient times for skin care. Thanks to omega 3 and 6 oil it is antioxidant and regulates sebaceous function.
CBD is also incorporated into skin preparations as a therapeutic component due to its inflammatory and analgesic properties effective in its topical use.
The therapeutic use of CBD is oriented to its effect on the endocanabinoid system of the human brain.
This system works to maintain balance in physiological processes related to the digestive and cardiovascular system, among others.
Cocaine addiction control
Cocaine addiction and its social implications make cocaine a public health problem. It is an illegal drug with many consumers in the United States and Europe.
The fight to combat addiction is fought every day in detox centers and research laboratories.
According to information published in different digital media at Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona, scientists have been able to determine that CBD can help control cocaine withdrawal syndrome. And the best thing is that this compound does not cause addiction.
In parallel they are conducting studies to prove their effectiveness in the treatment of heroin and alcohol addiction; these investigations are also paying off.
All of this is very hopeful considering the devastating effects of addictions to these substances that affect not only the individual but also their family and social environment.
Anxiolytic and antidepressant
Depression is an emotional disease that affects millions of people around the world.
Many medicines designed to treat this condition can create dependence. In addition, they have associated side effects that make antidepressants an unattractive option.
The good news is that the emerging studies that have been conducted in addition to the testimonies of many people present CBD as an effective alternative to treating depression with minimal side effects and with the advantage that this compound does not produce dependence.
CBD cannot be considered a definitive cure for depression, but it has successfully tested in controlling this emotional state that affects thousands of lives around the world.
The human body has an endocannabinoid system consisting of a network of cellular receptors and molecules that are intended to regulate physiological functions related to appetite, moods and sleep.
This endocannabinoid system produces the substances necessary to achieve the neurobiological balance of our body and complement the action of Serotonin, a substance responsible for stress and mood management.
CBD helps the endocannabinoid system improve the action of the receptors with which Serotonin interacts. Thanks to this, the person can feel the calming and relaxing effects they need to overcome complicated emotional states.
In other words, CBD stimulates Serotonin production and thus people who suffer from anxiety or depression manage to overcome seizures naturally.
As CBD does not interfere with our body’s neurochemical processes but helps balance them, treating depression with this compound is a safe and effective way to achieve improvements in moods.
Thanks to its relaxing properties and its interaction with endocannabinoid receptors, CBD acts as a regulator of wakefulness and sleep cycles.
For this reason he is a great ally to fight insomnia that binds so many people.
What does CBD mean?
CBD stands for cannabidiol. Its name IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry), is 2-[(1R,6R)-6-isopropenyl-3-methylcyclohex-2-en-1-yl]-5-pentylbenzene-1,3-diol and its molecular formula is C21H30O2.
Understanding what CBD is and what effects CBD has
Hemp oil properties
Cannabis extracts are proven to have extensive health benefits. Aware of this reality, more and more countries are granting legal recognition to cbd for therapeutic purposes.
Now, does CBD oils have other properties? Of course, in the following sections is the full explanation.
This oil is obtained from hemp seeds through a cold pressing process. Hemp extract can be consumed with confidence because it has no hallucinogenic effects where control of consciousness and actions is lost.
Its properties are many, but then some accounts are broken down.
Nutritional properties of hemp oil
This hemp product is rich in proteins from A to E and fatty acids. With special reference to the subject of fats, hemp oil contains a total of 80% polyunsaturated fatty acids.
This hemp oil excludes harmful elements of saturated fat, and therefore poses no health risks. Of course, moderation must be taken into account in all consumptions.
Hemp oil properties for general health
One of the characteristics of hemp oil is the presence of linoleic acid and gamma-linoleic acid.
These have therapeutic action to counteract inflammations and bone pathologies such as arthritis. In addition, as part of its properties it has a calming effect on premenstrual discomfort and the prevention of heart disease.
What can CBD oil do for Alzheimer’s?
In reality this oil does not revert to normal to patients with different types of dementia.
However, it can slow down the degenerative process of the disease. The symptoms a patient with Alzheimer’s struggles with are as wearable as insomnia, loss of appetite, disorientation and anxiety among others.
Hemp oil used for dermatological purposes
This oil works very well as a cell regenerating agent. In relation to skin care, it has omega 3 and 6, ideal for cell regeneration in the body and healthy for skin conservation.
Hemp oil effectively prevents the following skin manifestations:
- Dry skin.
- Better skin scarring from wounds.
- Formation of stretch marks.
How to consume hemp oil
Although there are other presentations, hemp oil is assimilated by the body as a dietary supplement. It can be added directly to meals just as it would with oils of another nature.
Just to cite several examples, it can be mixed in pastas, salads and other foods of the taste of the diner.
In fact, many have replaced olive oil with hemp oil. Also, it can be ingested as a syrup in one or two tablespoons daily and there are other topical presentations.
Is hemp oil equal to CBD oil?
It is an interesting question because confusion has always existed and clarification must be made.
It was mentioned at the beginning of this article that hemp oil is obtained from the seeds of hemp itself.
However, cannabidiol oil or its abbreviated form, CBD, comes from the leaves, flowers and stem of hemp.
Both oils come from the same plant but in the extract differ. They are excellent and become allies to combat various pathologies. Knowing your specific applications can serve as a guide to know which of the two to use in certain cases.
CBD Oil: How Do You Treat Diseases?
The effectiveness of cannabis oil is noted in the attenuation of the terrible effects of many systemic diseases and especially those of neurological origin. Much of the reading that is coming will treat in detail the properties of CBD focused on common pathologies.
Depressive disorders and CBD oil
Far from what is thought, depression is a delicate-profile disorder. When the person is immersed in a depressive picture he loses his appetite and interest in his daily activities. Suicides have even been reported for this cause.
Depression is shown by low levels of serotonin and dopamine in the brain. What can CBD do in these cases?
Cannabis oil has properties that stimulate the production of poor flow neurotransmitters. This in turn increases the chemicals that fight the depressive agents.
The effect of CBD oil on tumors
It is confirmed that cannabinoids have a slowing effect on tumor growth and stops the cell formation that feeds their formation. In addition, they attenuate unpleasant side effects.
Its effect on pain
The use of CBD oil, has a good analgesic effect in cancer patients.
On the other hand, treatments involved in chemotherapy can leave very unpleasant side effects. Two of them are nausea and vomiting. This wonderful oil significantly reduces such effects.
Patients with osteoarthritis also appreciate the soothing effect of this oil on their sore bones. So only a few painful diseases have been mentioned but there are many more where cannabinoid oil can have a similar effectiveness.
The cannabidiol market in Spain is growing for its medicinal use and legal therapeutic recognition.
At least 25 stores are already established and online sales are at an even greater pace.
All cannabinoid products are certified, of good quality. The properties of hemp oil and cbd are so many that research is still being done regarding greater scopes.
With this in mind, those who suffer from a pathology do well to try as soon as possible the benefits of these excellent oils.
Differences between THC and CBD
THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is a psychoactive compound; that is, it can produce changes in the way they perceive reality, in a person’s behavior and in their mental processes.
In contrast, CBD or cannabidiol is an active ingredient that does not produce alterations at the mental level but has various therapeutic properties.
The consumption of medicinal CBD is legal in many countries while the consumption of THC due to its psychoactive properties is not allowed.
Here’s a comparison chart so you can better understand the differences:
No es psicoactivo.
Es psicoactivo: el consumidor "se coloca".
No produce efectos secundarios importantes.
Presenta efectos secundarios como ansiedad y paranoia.
Neutraliza los efectos psicoactivos del THC
Puede causar psicosis.
Su consumo es permitido en muchos países.
Su consumo es ilegal en la mayoría de los países.
CBD is a good antioxidant
Although clinical trials and studies are still lacking, research to date indicates that CBD is a good antioxidant and neuroprotective.
People who consume it as a dietary supplement testify to how their health and well-being has improved by ingesting small doses.
Consuming antioxidants is of great importance to all of us because these compounds inhibit the reaction that occurs when free radicals are present. These reactions affect the molecules that make up the cells.
Affected cells can lead to premature aging and the onset of various diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s. For this reason it is necessary to consume antioxidant substances; CBD is proving very effective.
Analgesic and anti-inflammatory
CBD has been found to be effective in relieving pain and inflammation of all kinds, including pain from burns.
Controls nausea and vomiting
Nausea and vomiting may occur from time to time due to poor digestion or some other cause. However, there are cases where nausea is a side effect of certain treatments such as chemotherapy.
In these cases, CBD acts on the receptors responsible for releasing Serotonin and in very small doses it is able to control nausea and vomiting.
As it is also a very effective anxiolytic, its relaxing effect produces in the person a general well-being in a very short time.
CBD and cancer
Although sufficient studies are not yet available, research to date shows that CBD can stop the growth of cancerous tumors.
CBD works by preventing the formation of new blood vessels where cancer cells are present. This process is known as anti-angiogenesis.
Seizure control in patients with epilepsy
CBD is a great help in controlling seizures in patients with epilepsy. Those who consume it report suffering fewer episodes and have improved their quality of life considerably.
It is successfully given in children with syndromes such as Lennox, West and Gastaut.
CBD helps repair fractures
Cannabidiol stimulates the production and activity of osteoblasts; when a patient is recovering from a fracture, bone tissue regeneration is very rapid if moderate doses of CBD are consumed.
Studies and testimonies from thousands of people who have been treated with CBD indicate that CBD has neuroprotective properties. This makes it possible to slow the progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s.
CBD acts as an immunosuppressant, so it has been helpful in increasing the number of white blood cells in patients with HIV and other autoimmune diseases.
How does CBD work?
Our nervous system has a large number of receptors. Through these receptors and through the action of certain molecules messages are sent to the brain and the rest of the body.
One of the receiving systems we have is the endocannabinoid system. Endocannabinoid system receptors are scattered throughout our body from the brain throughout the peripheral nervous system.
At the brain level, these receptors are located in the areas where functions related to memory, concentration of movement and perception are performed.
Hence the endocannabinoid system is linked to various physiological processes such as appetite, mood and pain perception.
The main receptors of the endocannabinoid system are known as CB1 and CB2 which bind to endocannabinoid compounds produced by our body.
As CBD is a cannabinoid phyto has a similar chemical composition so it binds CB1 and CB2 receptors naturally.
This quality allows you to act as a regulator of multiple physiological functions in addition to achieving effective therapeutic effects to treat nausea, negative emotional states, seizures and pains among other properties.
Thanks to the ease with which it interacts with endocannabinoid receptors it is an ally for stress management and helps the nervous system to improve its overall functions.
Possible CBD side effects
Although most patients treated with CBD report not to experience adverse effects, in some cases some may be experienced as tiredness, dry mouth, dizziness, slight loss of appetite or drowsiness.
In many cases the appearance of these effects ceases when the doses of cannabidiol administered are reduced and disappear completely when consumption is stopped.
Research on CBD and its therapeutic properties
Further studies and formal research on the therapeutic properties of CBD are still needed.
The results of the work carried out are encouraging more and more physicians and scientists around the world to invest resources and efforts to carry out more studies and clinical trials.
Thanks to its ease of obtaining, coupled with the fact that it is a natural product that produces little or no side effects, the interest of the scientific community in this asset is increasing.
On the other hand, the need for more research is also underpinned by the testimonies of thousands of people who have found relief from many symptoms thanks to moderate CBD consumption.
How long does the cbd effect last?
There are different circumstances that determine how long CBD remains in the body.
First, consideration should be given to the route of administration, the dose administered and how often it is used.
Scientific studies claim that the effect of CBD on oil can last between a maximum of 6 to 8 hours after being administered.
However, the half-life of the product in the body will depend on the frequency of its consumption.
Low doses will not remain in the bloodstream for long. Similarly, interaction with other drugs and the metabolization of CBD in humans has been investigated.
Scientific studies, which used high doses of CBD of 700 mg/day in patients diagnosed with Huntington’s disease, showed that levels disappeared after one week of discontinuation of treatment.
Osorio, J., & Tangarife, H. (2009). CANNABIS, A THERAPEUTIC OPTION. Biosalud, 8(1), 166-177.
Sumariwalla et al. 2004. A novel synthetic, nonpsychoactive cannabinoid acid (HU-320) with anti-inflammatory properties in murine collagen-induced arthritis. Arthritis Rheumatism 50: 985-9
Vuskovi, S., Srebro, D., Vujovi, K., Vuseti, ., Prostran, M. (2018). Cannabinoids and Pain: New Insights From Old Molecules. Frontiers In Pharmacology, 9. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2018.01259
(2018). Retrieved 11 July 2020
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